Herb garden plants, just as other plants, according to their lifespan can be divided into annuals, perennials and biennials. Apart from that, it is possible to classify herbs in many ways.
In fact, each herb has its own distinctive features that are present only in a particular type. Because of that, it is necessary to gather as much information as possible on the use the specific herb and its handling. Various herbs and their use are subsequently explained in this article.
It is worth to know that such annuals as summer savory, basil and cilantro endure frost poorly, that is why every year a gardener should plant them from a sprout or a seed. Such perennials as winter savory or sage handle cold weather better, and they grow by the year. Biennials, on the contrary, have two vegetation periods: the leaves are formed during the first vegetation period, seeds and blooms in the second period. After that, the plant perishes. A gardener should plant such biennial plants as parsley, caraway, and angelica in the garden during the late spring, and the soil should be fine-grained and somewhat moist. The seeds need to be put near-surface arow and covered with the soil. Fine seeds should be planted in a sandy soil for seeds to thrive smoothly. To keep the soil wet during the emergence of seedlings, it is advisable to coat the garden-bed with a coarse texture or paper.
It is possible to classify the herbs according to their use. It is a common knowledge that culinary herbs are the most favorable due to their vast use in cookery. Such herbs as savory, marjoram, thyme, basil, sage and chives are quite spicy, that is why they should be used sparingly. One of the most widely used herb, parsley, is usually served as a relish. Sweet herbs’ blossoms or foliage has a distinct enjoyable odor, and such herbs as mint, rosemary and lovage could be used as in various essences, eau de toilette, etc. Apart from fragrances, sweet herbs can be used to freshen up clothes or bed-sheets. Aromatic compound can be made of dried sweet herbs that would sustain their odor permanently. For this purpose, the most suitable herbs are lemon verbena and lavender. Herbs can be really healthful; many of them are used for medical purposes. Throughout the centuries, it has been a common belief that herbs are an excellent cure for various diseases; in contemporary medicine, herbs are also used extensively, but on occasion, medical authorities proclaim homeopathy to be superficial and overpraised. Herbs in medical treatment should be used cautiously because there are herbs that are poisonous and can harm one’s health.
Every so often herbs are used due to their beauty and not merely because of their savor, healthiness or odor. There exists a great variety of beautifully colored herbs: for instance, vividly colored blossoms and foliage is the unique trait of oriental herbs, valerian has crimson blossoms, whilst chicory and borage has pretty blue blossoms, etc.
It is possible to classify herbs into different categories according to their use, but it should be taken into consideration that many herbs have various functions. Mint, for instance, can be used not only in cookery, but also in preparation of healing teas and pest management. Herb gardening can be beneficial in many ways, and, in order to decide which herbs to plant, it is necessary to acquire the relevant knowledge.